The conflict is therefore incompatible with the principles of the Universal Declaration of Bioethics and human rights for patients. It can help solve all the ethical and legal issues faced by healthcare professionals, especially when it comes to complex issues such as the end-of-life decision. If there are multiple assistant decision-makers who could potentially give consent and they disagree, explain the legal options to provide a definitive answer on what physicians should do. The two sides also disagree on the withdrawal of life support. This means that they have not committed to providing the patient with holistic, safe and ham-free healthcare. To address these issues, health care providers must use both laws and ethical codes of conduct. When caring for patients, ethical decision-making is an important activity. (Walsh 2016). What legal authority can you use to save your response? The legal obligation to undergo a tracheostomy was based on the fact that Doreen had no close relative and that the decision of the doctors and health professionals at the facility had to be summarized. The duty of the doctors was to ensure that the patient`s situation was restored, and for this it was necessary for them to proceed with the tracheostomy. They found that by using it as a medical precaution, Doreen`s life could be protected and their situation would improve (Gallagher, 2017). The professional obligation of doctors or medical staff is to treat the patient appropriately and leave no other obligation on the way to achieve this.
If the decision on Doreen`s condition was difficult due to the current circumstances, it was mandatory for doctors to ensure that Doreen would receive the best possible care. The fact that Doreen didn`t have closest relatives made the situation difficult for them and they had to find a way (Dubey, 2019). The health sector is very difficult because it presents practitioners with many ethical and legal dilemmas. Consider all the options available to healthcare professionals to accept Edward`s ongoing care in these situations. This model shows that healthcare providers face ethical and legal issues. If the appropriate measures are taken, these problems can be resolved. Any conflicts that may arise from the application of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights should be resolved with the concepts of Kerridge modified et al. To resolve the conflict, use the kerridge et al. (2013) model of ethical problem solving. A complete set of notes describing: (MODULES, READINGS, TEXTBOOK) 1: Law/AUS Legal System *(al. The principles of consent state that a patient may accept or refuse treatment on the basis of his or her moral convictions. AHD stands for Advanced Health Directive.
It basically lists patients on the will or medical document that would give instructions to doctors and nurses on what to do with the patient in the event of a health problem. This is a legal document determined by the patient. Under normal circumstances, it is the patient`s next of kin who has the authority to give physicians the consent or instructions necessary to make their decisions. However, for a person like Doreen, it can be very different. Doreen has no closest relatives who will have decision-making power on her behalf. Therefore, the situation forces them to complete the AHD (Caporale & Pavone, 2018). However, the prison doctor must ensure that certain circumstances prevail while the decision has been made. The doctor must ensure that the person is not manipulated to make a decision by the prison authorities on their behalf. The doctor should also make sure that the person is in a healthy state of mind when making a decision.
The contribution of ethical education to the ethical competence of nursing students: the perception of students and teachers. Health care providers should contact Edwards` alternate decision-makers when they care about him. This will help determine the best course of action. Identify two principles that are relevant to this scenario. Describe how these principles can be applied to the facts of the scenario. Conflicts in the principles of application of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, respectful of patients, are useless and should be resolved. Nursing Ethics and Disaster Triage: Using Utilitarian Ethical Theory. In case of violation of the law, the paramedic can be held legally responsible. It also shares the same decisions as health professionals, who are able to base their decisions on both the law and ethical beliefs. Consider the different values of each stakeholder in the scenario to determine where a conflict between these principles might arise. Peter, E.
(2018). Overview and Abstract: Ethics in Health Care: Nurses Respond. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 23 (1). Answer the following questions with structured sentences or paragraphs regarding the legal issues raised by the case. Since Edward refused to receive medical treatment for his viral infection, does the paramedic have the legal authority to treat Edward`s diabetic coma? Edward`s life support should be removed. Legal and ethical considerations should play a major role. The health care provider must also adhere to the ethical codes of conduct that govern health care (Wagner & Dahnke 2015). The statement states that people should be treated equally and enjoy the same ethical standards in medicine and life sciences. Stahl, B. C., & Coeckelbergh, M. (2016).
Ethics of health robotics: towards responsible research and innovation. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 86, 152-161. The decision taken by MET shall be in full compliance with the provisions and with Article 7. The decision to be made by the MET was whether the CPP should be added to the Doreen facilities. However, when they were informed of her Alzheimer`s disease, they saw that she agreed not to continue living unless she had relied on others for her physical needs. Putting them in CPR is one of those situations that would compromise the legal document signed by the person himself. Clause 7 refers primarily to persons who cannot consent. However, this is not true at all in the case of Doreen. Doreen had the ability to accept when she signed the AHD (Lipworth, Mason, Kerridge & Ioannidis, 2017). Thus, when MET receives the OHD it signs, it receives a document created by a person of good spirit and ability. If they must follow the instructions set out in the AHD, they are covered by the law when carrying out such an activity.
Therefore, Doreen is someone who has the capacity to agree, and the measures taken by MET are not contrary to Article 7. The following reasons are justified for ending life-sustaining measures: 1) the patient has accepted, 2) surrogate decision-makers or surrogate decision-makers have agreed, and 3) this is morally and legally justified because it does not benefit the patient but prolongs his death and causes unnecessary suffering (Cannaerts Gastmans & Casterle 2014). In a situation where decision-making is paramount, physicians should rely on something that has a proven track record. It will be best for doctors if something is available to them in documented form. In this case, they would not have to look for other ways to obtain consent to achieve their goals (Tinnon, Masters & Butts, 2018). In this case, Doreen provided the AHD, which is a written legal document that allows the doctor to make decisions on her behalf when she is under medical observation and is not available for consultations. The AHD is a reliable document. This is because it is the person who has given written consent to the doctors. If this is available to doctors, nothing would be necessary for them to continue their work. She wrote the document when she was in her good mind. The document was obtained from a doctor who, due to a professional obligation, must ensure that the person signs it without being under the influence of anything else. Therefore, it is a document that doctors can rely on when a situation develops for the patient.
The legal document clearly states that doctors must carry out their procedures. In such cases, physicians must apply the legal principles that govern the decisions, powers and privileges of alternate decision-makers. These criteria led to the conclusion that the decision of the physicians and the MET was consistent with legal and ethical considerations. The mistake that can be pointed out in all this ordeal is the fact that Bea or someone else did not decide to inform Doreen`s immediate family of the results of his medical situation.